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English for Everyday Living
A school is a place to learn, but there are many different kinds of school for learning many different things:
Elementary School, for children from about 6 to 10 or 11 years old;
Middle School, usually grades 4, 5, 6 or 5, 6, 7 ;
Junior High School, grades 6, 7, 8 OR 7, 8, 9;
High School or Senior High School, covering grades 8 or 9 sometimes, but always 10, 11 and 12;
Junior or Community College, offering 2-year Associate degrees as well as many individual courses;
College, offering 4-year degree programs leading to a Bachelor's degree;
University, offering programs leading to a Bachelor's, a Master's or a Doctoral degree);
Vocational or Technical school, teaching specific trades or professions such as plumbing, diesel mechanics, x-ray technician or cosmetology;
Business school, teaching secretarial or office skills, advertising and marketing, and retail management;
Driving schools, to teach people how to drive large trucks or small cars;
Flying school, to teach one how to fly a small airplane;
And many other types of school for learning anything you can imagine.
|This student is wearing a cap and gown, garments which are symbols of graduating from a school.||This young man is working on his homework - school work which is meant to be done at home.||Sometimes students put their heads down on their desks because they are bored or tired.||Many schools allow students to store their books and supplies in metal lockers like this one.|
This lesson will be dealing mainly with what we call public schools, those open to the public and paid for by the government through taxes received from the public. Some colleges and universities are also considered to be public because they receive much of their financial support from the government.
|This young woman is looking for information in one of her textbooks.||Many students ride to school in a yellow school bus like this one.||Alfred is too large for his desk||You might see a map of the United States in a History or a Geography class.|
Expressions used in school:
|A checkmark is the most common symbol used by teachers to mark students' papers. Sometimes it means the answer is wrong and other times it just means the teacher has read the answer.||A diploma is a special document given to students who have completed a particular course of study or who have graduated from (completed the time and course requirements) a particular school.|
|Students' backpacks are very heavy because they put so many books in them.||Basic tools for a student - a textbook and a pencil.||This girl is learning how to use a computer, or maybe she is doing a lesson on the computer.||A globe is found in many Geography or Social Studies classrooms.|
Exercise A: Write a meaning for each verb below that has something to do with a school, then use each verb in a sentence that you make up. (Print out this lesson or order it free by e-mail.)
|study, studies, studied, studying, studied|
|read, reads, read, reading, read (past and past participle keep spelling, change pronunciation)|
|sharpen, sharpens, sharpened, sharpening, sharpened|
|cheat, cheats, cheated, cheating, cheated|
|finish, finishes, finished, finishing, finished|
|learn, learns, learned, learning, learned|
|answer, answers, answered, answering, answered|
|dissect, dissects, dissected, dissecting, dissected|
|pass, passes, passed, -passing, passed|
|copy, copies, copied, copying, copied|
|name, names, named, naming, named|
|leave, leaves, left, leaving, left|
|keep, keeps, kept, keeping, kept|
|raise, raises, raised, raising, raised|
Exercise B: For each noun in the list below, write a meaning that has something to do with a school.
|academic course||vocational course|
Exercise C: Fill the blanks in the following sentences with the correct nouns from the list above.
1. ____________ who want to learn about cooking must take _____________ class.
2. Most students today carry their ____________ in a canvas _______________.
3. If you are ____________ from school, you must bring an ___________ when you return.
4. When you are thirsty in school, you need to raise your hand and ask the ____________ if you can go to the ________________.
5. Students need to have the following supplies: a __________ or ___________, a ___________ and a ______________ with paper in it.
6. Many _____________ assign _______________ for their students to give them more practice.
7. Students taking an __________________ are required to take subjects such as ___________, _____________, ______________ and _________________.
8. _______________ are in charge of the ______________ and the _______________ is in charge of the whole school.
9. Sometimes, teachers ask their students to write on the _______________ with chalk.
10. Children in elementary school play at _____________ and eat when they go to ___________.
Answers to Exercise C:
1. Students, Home Ec.
2. books (textbooks), backpack
3. absent, excuse
4. teacher, water fountain
5. pen, pencil, tablet, notebook
6. teachers, homework
7. academic course, English, History, Math, Science, Social Studies, Algebra, Biology, Chemistry (subjects can be in any order)
8. Teachers, classroom, principal
9. blackboard (chalkboard)
10. recess, lunch
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